Write an intro about precious stones and how they have been sourcing them for many years and are experts!
Diamonds are formed under incredible heat & pressure beneath the Earth’s crust. They are composed of a single element, carbon, making them the purest of gemstones. We have revered diamonds for centuries.
Early civilisations believed them to be be splinters of fallen stars or the tears of gods. The ancient Egyptians first used diamonds for romantic reasons. They were worn on the third finger of the left hand in the belief that the vena amoris (vein of love) ran directly from that finger to the heart.
Diamonds are the hardest natural substance known to man. They are the ultimate symbol of love and commitment as they will last forever just like the love they represent.
Choosing a Diamond
The rarest diamonds are clear & pure in colour. The majority contain very slight traces of yellow, brown or grey. They are measured on a scale with the clearest graded D. Even high quality diamonds usually contain natural imperfections and marks called inclusions. They were formed along with the diamond & make each one unique. This has led them to be called ‘nature’s fingerprints.’
The size of a diamond is measured as a weight & expressed in ‘carats’. Larger diamonds are much rarer and more valuable than smaller ones. The ‘cut’ refers to the shape of the finished diamond after cutting and polishing. A round stone with 57 facets is known as a ‘brilliant cut’.
This cut was designed for maximum fire & sparkle, the classic choice for an engagement ring.
The Sapphire is steeped in legend and lore, a symbol of truth & sincerity. Once thought to protect the wearer from envy & to attract divine favour.
They were also believed to be able to make peace between foes. The best sapphires are well cut, clear to the naked eye with an intense colour and a hidden sparkle.
Although most sapphires are blue, they are found in a rainbow of other colours from spectacular yellow to vivid pink.
Emeralds were dedicated by ancients to the goddess Venus. Throughout history they have been known as a symbol of faith & immortality. Their lush green colour has led to associations with fertility & life.
Flawless emeralds are exceedingly rare, many are fractured & almost all contain mineral inclusions.
A flawless emerald with a deep rich colour is the most highly prized of all precious gemstones, likely to out price even a high quality diamond.
Rubies are red sapphires derived from the latin word ‘ruber.’ Their crimson shades have led to their association with passion, blood & fire.
The ancient Hundus described their glowing hue as an inextinguishable fire burned within the stone. Like the sapphire, a ruby’s beauty lies in the richness & intensity of its colour.
Their ideal colour is fluorescent red like a traffic signal with an inner sparkle. Content goes here
Labradorite was first found on the peninsula of Labrador in 1770. It is a grayish almost opaque form of feldspar which exhibits lustrous metallic tints of blue, green, or yellow, after it is polished.
Rare specimens with a complete colour spectrum are very valuable. A darker variety of labradorite (black moonstone) has bluish inclusions. It is usually cut with a flat surface to highlight the flashes of colour. Sources can be found in many places from Australia, Madagascar, to Russia and the US.
A variety of labradorite known as spectrolite is found in Finland.
These cupriferous tourmalines from the Mina da Batalha in the Federal Brazilian State of Paraiba are small, rare and precious.
Their spirited turquoise to green colours are such as are not found in any other gemstone in the world. The exclusiveness of this legendary find makes these rare gemstones real treasures.
Paraiba – the word has a particular fascination for the connoisseur, for it is the name of a gemstone with blue to green tones of extraordinary vividness. It was not discovered until very recently, that is to say in the 1980s.
Tanzanite is the blue/purple variety of the mineral zoisite discovered in the Mererani Hills of Manyara Region in Northern Tanzania in 1967. Tanzanite is noted for its remarkably strong trichroism, appearing alternately sapphire blue, violet and burgundy depending on crystal orientation.
The mineral was named by Tiffany & Co. after Tanzania, the country in which it was discovered. Because it is relatively soft, tanzanite is most commonly set in necklaces and earrings.
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